Fairs and Festivals held at Rajasthan

Annakoot Fair: The Annakoot fair is held in Udaipur district at Nathdwara which is the principal set of the Ballabh sect of Vaishnavas. On Annakoot day, a mountain of food is erected to satisfy the hunger of the lord of the universe. A huge pile of baked rice is prepared in the courtyard of this famous shrine which is grabbed by the Bhils as the Prasad of Kaila Baba. As soon as the doors of the shrine are throngs open, throngs of singing and dancing Bhils rush into the temple and clear up this pile. They keep the rice as a medicine; for they believe it curves many ailments. Parcels of this sacred gift are sent to friends and relatives.

Adivasi Fairs:
The most important of the Adivasi fairs is held at Baneshwar in the Aspur tehsil of Dungarpur district in southern Rajasthan. The site of the fair is a small delta formed by the confluence of the river Som with the Mahi. One has to wade to the fair through the Som. The word "Baneshwar" is derived from the Siva Linga of the area. A delta is known as 'van' in Wagad (sparsely populated area). This Vaneshwar or Baneshwar means the Master of the Delta.
                     The linga in the area is said to be self-born. It is small and its top is broken into five parts. The present temple was built by Maharwal Askaran of Dungarpur. Near the temple of Baneshwar there is the temple of Vishnu built by Jankunwari, the daughter-in-law of Mavji, a highly revered saint of the area, who was supposed to be an incarnation of Vishnu. Mavji is said to have written five books called 'Chopras'. The original book is read every year at Diwali by the Goswami (priest) of the temple. Mavjis equestrain temple is the main idol of worship. After Mavji, his son succeeded him. Two disciples of Mavji built the third temple in the area which is called the Lakshmi-Narain temple.
                     The tribal fair is held from Magh Shukla Ekadashi to Magh Shukla Purnima (Feb - Mar). Only the priest is permitted to touch the idols. Most of the devotees are Bhils and every night they sing round a bonfire.

Banganga Fair: Banganga fair is held at a small place near a rivulet about 11 kms. from the important historical township of Bairath near Jaipur. Over 1 lakh persons assemble to have a dip in the sacred stream which is believed to have been brought into existence by Arjun, the most famous of the Pandavas.

Camel Festival: This huge ineteresting festival takes place on the full moon day Purnima of Kartika in October or November. About 200,000 people come to the fair along with 50,000 camels, cows and buffaloes.

Diwali: Diwali, festival of lights is dedicayted to the goddess of fortune, Lakshmi. Every dwelling from the humblest hut to the magnificent mansion is outlined with flickering oil lamps, candles and coloured bulbs, celebrating the return of Lord Rama and his wife Sita to the capital of Ayodhya after an exile of fourteen years. At Diwali time the traders close their account books and begin a new financial year. Fireworks are let off with great joy and enthusiasm.

Ram Dev Pir Fair: Two fairs are held every year in honour of Ram Dev Pir on Bhadon Sudi 10 (August - September) Magh Sudi 10 (January - February). On the day of the fair, devotees go to the temple dedicated to Ram Devi Pir at Ronicha near Pokhran tehsil of Jaisalmer to make offerings of sweet to Ram Dev Pir. They light earthen lamps fed with desi-ghee.

Ramdeora Fair: Ramdeora fair is held at Ramdeora near Jaisalmer every year for ten days from Bhadon Sudi 2 to Bhadon Sudi 11 ( August - September) when more than a lakh of people from far and near congregate to pay their homage to the well-known 15th century Marwari saint, Shri Ramdeoji.

Rani Sati Fair: Rani Sati fair is held in Jhunjhunu town. This fair is held twice a year on Margshirsh Krishna Navmi and Bhadrapada Amavasya.

Sheetla Mata Fair: Small pox is agreat scourge of this country and the cheif deity worshipped is Mata which is represented by a red stone. In commemoration of Sheetla mata, a fair is held every year on Chaitra Krishna Ashtmi (March - April) at Seel-ki-Dongri near tehsil Chaksu of Jaipur. The village is named after the goddess. There os a shrine of Mataji on the top of a hillock, locally called doongri. The present building is a masonry structure and is said to have been built by Maharaja Madho Singh of the princely State of Jaipur.

Shri Mahavirji Fair: Shri Mahavirji fair is held at Chandangaon which is situated on the bank of the river Gambhiri near tehsil Hinduan of Sawai Madhopur. The fair is held to commemorate the memory of Shri Mahavir Swami (6th century B.C.) the 24th Tirthankar of the Jains. Chandangaon is considered to be one of the holiest places of the Jains.

Sitabari Fair: Sitabari is a small place near village Kelwara in tehsil Sahabad Kota area. The fair which is of religious importance, is held from Baisakh Sudi Punam to Jeth Badi Amavas.

Summer Festival: Mount Abu, the venue for the summer festivals, is covered with mango groves, beautiful bauhinia trees and thickets of wild berries. Rocks and lakes and the picturesque locations of Abu, stir with life during the festival. Inthis pleasant climate, the three day carnival is a feast of folk and classical music and window to the tribal festivities. The tourists hava a nice time enjoying and relaxing.

Tejaji Cattle Fair: Tejaji cattle Fair is held in PaParbatsar town . It is celebrated from Bhadon Badi Dashmi to Bhadon Sudi Ekadasi (August - September) every year. The religious fair of Tejaji is also held on Bhadon Sudi Dashmi which is also known as Teja Dashmi. The fair is held in honour of the celebrated hero Tejaji, who is supposed to be a protector of the cattle-wealth of the country.

Teej: Teej has been assigned the first place among the festivals. There are three Teej festivals in a year are hels on those occasions in towns and vilages. Teej, on the third day of the bright half of the month of Shravan is a festival for girls. The Teej for the daughter-in-law is held on the dark fortnight of the month of Bhadon. Daughter's and daughter's-in-law are offered sweets and garments on this day. Swings are a common sight and newly married girls return to their parents home for the festival. The festival celebrates the beginning of the rainy season and peasant families come to the cities for the occasion. The most colourful Teej fair is held at Jaipur. In big towns impressive processions, led by gorgeously caprisoned elephants, camels and horses are taken out which make a grand spectable.

Veerpuri Fair: The Veerpuri fair is held at Mandor to commemorate the heroes of Rajasthan. The site is about 10km from Jodhpur. The fair is held on the penultimate Monday of Shravan. There are two legends about its origin.
According to one, Jaswant Singh who ruled Mandor was sent to Ahmednagar by Aurangzeb to crush a rebellion. Jaswant Singh prayed to old heroes at Mandor and every year on the last Monday of Shravan he visited to pay respect to the heroes.
The second legend concerning the origin of the fair relates to Veerpuja. During Mughal days, a Rajput youth had to leave his unmarried sister alone to join a battle. The sister applied tilak to her brotherís forehead and he returned victorious from battle.