The legends behind the festival

Vijayadashmai, which falls in September/October, celebrates the victory of good over evil and marks the end of Navratri.
Dussehra is also known Vijayadashmi, the last day of Durga Puja, when the idols of Goddess Durga are immersed. Dussehra marks the end of Navratri, the festival of nine nights. According to the director of Khadi Gramodyog Bhawan, Dussehra day is considered very auspicious. It means the tenth day, being the 10th day of the bright half of Ashwin. This day is also known as Vijayadashmi or victory tenth. There are two stories linked with this festival, the first one being the victory of Rama over Ravana. As per the Ramayana, Ram did 'Chandi-puja' to invoke the blessings of Durga to kill Ravana. Ravana, a 10-headed demon, had abducted Sita to his capital city of Lanka. Lord Ram, with the help of his brother Lakshman and Hanuman, rescued Sita from Lanka. Dussehra marks the triumph of Lord Rama's victory. After vanquishing him, Ram, with Sita and Lakshman, returned victorious to his kingdom of Ayodhya on Dussehra day. The other story related to this festival is the victory of Goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasura. When the gods in heaven decided to create an all-powerful being to kill the demon king Mahishasura, who was ready to attack them, with a stream of lightning from the mouths of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh a beautiful, magnificent woman with ten hands was created. Then all the gods furnished her with their special weapons. She then destroyed Mahishasura. The image of Durga, the eternal mother destroying the demon Mahishasur on Chamundi Hills near Mysore, is symbolic of the final confrontation of the spiritual urge of man with his baser passions.